Camilo José Cela ✅

Camilo José Cela ✅


Camilo José Manuel Juan Ramón Francisco de Jerónimo Cela Trulock (Padrón, May 11, 1916 – Madrid, January 17, 2002), known as Camilo José Cela, was a Spanish writer. Prolific Author (as novelist, journalist, essayist, editor of literary magazines, Lecturer…), he was academician of the Royal Spanish Academy and awarded, among others, with the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1989; The Cervantes Prize in 1995 and the Prince of Asturias Prize for Letters at 1987. For his literary merits, in 1996 he was awarded the Marquesado of Iria Flavia.

Biographical Synthesis

Born in Iria Flavia, La Coruña on May 11, 1916, Father Gallego and mother English, his sixth surname is Belgian, Lafayette. He Was the firstborn of the Cela Trulock family and Was baptized with the names of Camilo José María Manuel Juan Ramón Francisco Javier de Jerónimo in the Collegiate Church of Santa María la Mayor. In 1925 the family settled in Madrid and Camilo studied at the Colegio de los Escolapios de Porlier.

Camilo José Cela

In 1931, he had to be admitted to the tuberculosis Sanatorium in Guadarrama, an experience that he would later use for one of his novels in his book Rest Pavilion (1943). The periods of rest that his lung disease imposed would be employed in intense readings of Ortega and Gasset and the collection of Spanish classical authors of Rivadeneyra, as it is told.

In 1934 he finished his secondary studies at the Instituto San Isidro de Madrid and began Medical studies at the University of Madrid, but soon abandoned them for the classes that Pedro Salinas taught about contemporary Spanish literature at the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters from the same university. It Is known that he liked to attend from listener to the classes of Contemporary Spanish Literature of Pedro Salinas in the new Faculty of Philosophy and Letters. The activities that nourished their intellectual heritage (academic, influences, friendships, travel, languages or readings) were Not sufficiently abundant, with which the young Cela founded his erudition. There He became friends with the writer and philologist Alonso Zamora Vicente. It Also treats Miguel Hernández and María Zambrano, in whose house of the plaza of the Count of Barajas meets Max Aub and other writers and intellectuals in Tertulia.

The Spanish Civil War broke out while he was in Madrid, with 20 years and recently convalescent of tuberculosis. Cela, of conservative ideas, was able to escape to the national zone being wounded in the front and hospitalized in Logroño.

At the end of the war shows a great indecisiveness in his universitystudies and enters to work in an office of Textile Industries, where he begins to write in 1942 what will be The family of Pascual Duarte. The Book got a major success of criticism but it went wrong Received by the Francoist authorities, who banned a second edition of the same in 1943. I Started to add action on blood and blood and that was like a firecracker. Cela at the age of 50 began his memoirs. He then Mapped out a broad project called The Cucana. Of that plan was only published in book The Rose that ends in the memories of his childhood. Volume II is published in the year 2001 covers part of the author’s childhood, Adolescence and youth.

It married in 1944 with Maria of the Rosary Count Picavea with whom it had, two years later, a son Camilo José Cela Conde. Camilo José Cela divorced Rosario Conde in the late 80 to marry in 1991 with Marina Castaño, a journalist with whom he shared his last years. Oriented to the literature and ambitious, it launched in full autarky a mechanism that the poet Falangist DionisioRidruejo defined as «strategy of the fame, the cult to the personality and the imperative will».

It Used for it a triple strategy in the long term: political collaborationist with Francoism, literary style shocking and public image epatante.

In 1954 he moved to Palma de Mallorca, where he founded, in 1956, the influential literary magazine Papers of Son Armadans, of which he was director and in which prominent Spanish and foreign authors would collaborate, as well as Spanish writers in exile.

In 1957 he joined the Royal Spanish Academy. In 1977 he was appointed Senator by Royal designation in the first General Cortes Constituents of the Spanish transition, a position he exerted until 1979. In 1996 he was named Marquis of Iria Flavia.

Long Novel

Camilo José Cela

The family of Pascual Duarte (1942)
Rest Pavilion (1943)
New Adventures and misadventures of the Guide of Tormes (1944)
The Hive (1951)
Mrs Caldwell speaks with her son (1953)
The stretcher. Venezuelan Stories (1955). Critics Prize
Hungry Slide (1962)
San Camilo 1936 (1969)
Office of Darkness 5 (1973)
Mazurka for Two Dead (1983). National Narrative Award
Christ versus Arizona (1988)
The murder of the Loser (1994)
The Cross of St. Andrew (1994). Planet Award
Boxwood (1999)

Novel short stories, fables and notes Carpetovetónicos

Those Passing Clouds (1945)
The Police’s beautiful crime and other Inventions (1947)
Galician and his gang and other Notes Carpetovetónicos (1949)
Timothy the Misunderstood (1952)
Santa Balbina 37, gas on each floor (1952)
Coffee of artists and Other Tales (1953)
Deck of Inventions (1953)
Daydreams and Figurations (1954)
The Windmill and other short novels (1956)
New Altarpiece by Don Cristobita. Inventions, figurations and Hallucinations (1957)
Stories from Spain. The Blind. The Fools (1958)
Old Friends (1960)
Sheaf of Fables Without Love (1962)
The Solitaire and Dreams of Quesada (1963)
Hall Bullfighting. Farce with accompaniment of Clamor and Murga (1963)
Eleven Soccer Tales (1963)
Izas, Rabizas and Colipoterras. Drama with accompaniment of joke and Heartache (1964)
New matritenses scenes (1965)
The Hero Family (1965)
The Citizen of Iscariot Reclús (1965)
The Flock of Pigeons (1970)
The stain on the heart and the Eyes (1971)
Five glosses and many other truths of the silhouette that a man traced of himself (1971)
Ballad of the Tramp without Luck (1973)
The oxidized Tacatá. Anthology of Carpetovetonismos and other niceties (1974)
After-Bath Tales (1974)
Cuckold’s Role (1976)
The Unusual and Glorious feat of the Cipote of Archidona (1977)
The Mirror and Other Tales (1981)
The ears of the Boy Raul (1985)
Deliveryman’s Vocation (1985)
The Whims of Francisco de Goya and Lucie (1989)
The Man and The Sea (1990)
Bullfighting (1991)
Cachondeos, dabbling and Other Wiggles (1993)
The Abyss of the Penultimate Innocence (1993)
LA Dama Pajara and Other Tales (1994)
Family Histories (1999)
El Espinar Notebook. Twelve women with flowers in their heads (2002)

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