ERNEST HEMINGWAY’S BIOGRAPHY
Ernest Miller Hemingway. An American writer whose work, considered already classical in the literature of the TWENTIETH century, has exerted a remarkable influence both by the sobriety of its style and by the tragic elements and the portrait of an epoch that it represents. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1954.
Passionate about hunting, fishing and adventure. He lived in Cuba for a period of twenty years. For his love of this island, in Havana, a marina and a fishing tournament bear his name.
Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois, son of Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, physician, and Grace Hall. His childhood was marked by the parenting of a dominant mother and a father with tendencies to depression. According to his biographers, he did not have a very happy childhood, because he was marked by the conflicting relationship with his father, who would commit suicide in 1928. At the age of fifteen, he leaves his home, but he returned soon after completing his studies.
He stood out as a football player and boxer in his college time. In 1917 he finished his studies but changed the university to work for a few months in the Kansas City Star as a reporter. From his youth he felt an addiction unmeasured by boxing and hunting, sports that united to the practice of journalism make him a globetrotter and a scholar of human nature. The writer traveled through different countries in Europe and Africa.
He started as a reporter for the Kansas City Star, and soon after he volunteered to drive ambulances in Italy during the First World War. He was later transferred to the Italian army and was seriously injured. After the war he worked as a Toronto Star correspondent until he left for Paris. From 1927 he spent long periods in Key West, Florida, in Spain and in Africa. He returned to Spain during the Civil War as a war correspondent. He was later a reporter for the first U.S. Army. Although he was not a soldier, he participated in several battles. After the war, Hemingway settled in Cuba, near Havana, and in 1958 in Ketchum, Idaho.
Hemingway used his experiences as a fisherman, hunter and bullfighter enthusiast in his works. At the brink of death in the Spanish Civil War when bombs exploded in the room of his hotel, in the Second World War when colliding with a taxi during the war blackouts, and in 1954 when his plane crashed in Africa, finally died in Ketchum on July 2 Or 1961, shooting with a shotgun in the midst of frequent access to madness, insomnia and memory loss.
Their participation in the wars
First World War
The First World War had exploded. The United States entered the contest in 1917, and the then very young Ernest wants to emulate with other greats of the so-called lost generation like John Dos Passos, William Faulkner or F. Scott Fitzgerald.
But he was not accepted as a soldier and yes as a Red Cross ambulance driver. He landed in Bordeaux at the end of 1918 and joined the front in Italy. When he was severely injured when he was hit by an ambulance that was driving a projectile. However, he carried the Italian soldier he transported and took him safely to the shoulder, winning the silver medal for Valor.
He was detained in a hospital in Milan, where he met a young nurse, Agnes von Kurowsky, with whom he lived a romance, a relationship that was thwarted but the narrator translated to another plane to write goodbye to the weapons, after working as a journalist in the Toronto Star and E n the Cooperative Commonwealth.
Spanish Civil War
His presence in Spain as a correspondent during the Civil War and as a combatant in the trenches of the Republic, inspired him one of his most relevant novels, there participates in the filming of the Spanish land; It denounces the deaths of hundreds of former American combatants in the keys of Matecumbe, and returns to journalism after ten years.
Second World War
In the Second World War in the Far East reports the Sino-Japanese conflict, in Europe is a war correspondent, participates in air missions and is part of the Normandy landing. When he returns to Cuba, he gets involved in an anti-fascist operations agency. With its staff in Finca Vigia, once gunship the «pillar».
Camouflaged with the appearance of a boat dedicated to scientific studies on the marine fauna of the Gulf of Mexico, the yacht was gunship and had a crew that reached eight men, some of them members of the Republican brigades participating in The Spanish Civil War, which together with Hemingway sailed through the waters of the Caribbean Sea with the purpose of discovering and informing the Cuban and North American Navy about the presence of German submarines that raided the Gulf with the aim of torpedo the Merchant ships and oil tankers that departed from America to supply the Allied side.
In the month of May of 1943, in its yacht pillar carried out patrols in the keys north of the province Camaguey, starting from the sinking by a German submarine, in the east of Nuevitas, of a small vessel-tank and of the boat nor berliver. Hemingway and his crew visited Cayo Sabinal, Cayo confites, where he sowed seven pines; The large-walled lighthouse, Maternillos and Cayo Romano. In this last one supplied of crabs, which ate raw with lemon. These places are described in their book islands in the Gulf.
Ernest Hemingway’s Books
Essential narrative. Hemingway
Posted in Toronto 1920-1924
Breaking the Dawn
The Garden of Eden
The butterfly and the tank
Paris was a party
The Dangerous Summer
The old man and the sea
Across the river and between the trees
Men at War
By whom the bells are folded
The fifth column and the first fifty nine stories
Having and not having
The Snows of Kilimanjaro
The Green hills of Africa
The winner does not take anything
Death in the afternoon
Farewell to Arms
Men Without women
In our Time
Three Stories and Ten poems