BIOGRAPHY OF GABRIEL GARCÍA MÁRQUEZ
Gabriel José García Márquez was born in Aracataca (Colombia) in 1927. He Studied Secondary school in San José from 1940 and finished his baccalaureate at the Liceo de Zipaquirá College, on December 12th, 1946. He enrolled in the Law School of the National University of Cartagena on February 25th, 1947, but without showing excessive interest in the studies. His friendship with the doctor and writer Manuel Zapata Olivella allowed him to access journalism. Immediately after the «Bogotazo » (The assassination of the Liberal leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitán in Bogotá, the subsequent demonstrations and the brutal suppression of them), they began their collaborations in the liberal newspaper the Universal, which had been Founded the month of March of that same year by Domingo López Escauriaza.
Worked for local newspapers
He Had started his professional career working from a young age for local newspapers; Later he would reside in France, Mexico and Spain. In Italy He was a student of the experimental cinematography Center. During his stay in Sucre (where he had attended for health reasons), he came into contact with the group of intellectuals of Barranquilla, among which was Ramón Vinyes, former owner of a bookshop that would have a notable influence on the intellectual life Of the years 1910-20, and to whom it was known with the nickname of «The Catalan»-the same one that will appear in the last pages of the most famous work of the writer, Hundred Years of Solitude (1967). Since 1953 collaborates in the newspaper of Barranquilla The National: its columns reveal a constant concern expressive and a acendrada vocation of style that reflects, as he himself will confess, the influence of the greguerias of Ramón Gómez de la Serna. His career as a writer began with a short novel, which evidences the strong influence of the American writer William Faulkner: The Litter (1955). The action takes place between 1903 and 1928 (date of the author’s birth) in Macondo, legendary town created by García Márquez. In 1961 published The Colonel has no one to write to him, a story in which the recurrent topics appear. In 1962 he gathered some of his tales under the title of The funerals of Big Momma, and published his novel The Bad Hour. Many of the elements of their stories charge an unusual interest in being integrated into a Hundred years of solitude. In which Marquez builds and gives life to the mythical village of Macondo (and the legendary lineage of the Buendia): an imaginary territory where the implausible and magical is no less real than the everyday and logical; This is the basic postulate of what would later be known as magic realism. It has been said many times that, basically, it is a great American saga. In Short, a novel synthesis of the History of Latin American lands. On an even broader plane it can be seen as a parable of any civilization, from its birth to its twilight.
Published his favorite novel in 1975
After This book, the author published the one which, in his own words, would constitute his favorite novel: The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975), to which the Book of Tales would follow The incredible history of the candid Eréndira and his soulless grandmother (1977), and Chronicle of a death Announced (1981).
Love in the Times of Cholera, was published in 1987.
Nobel Prize in Literature
He was awarded his Nobel Prize in literature at 1982.
After completing his previous novel returns to the report with Miguel Littin, Clandestino in Chile (1986), writes a theatrical text, love Rant for a Seated Man (1987), and recovers the theme of the Latin American dictator in The General in his Labyrinth (1989), and It even gathers some scattered stories under the title Twelve Pilgrim Tales (1992). Of Love and Other Demons (1994) and News of a Kidnapping (1997). In 2002, García Márquez published the Book of memoirs Live to Tell it, the first of the three volumes of his memoirs. The novel, Memory of My Sad Whores, appeared in 2004.
In 2007, the Royal Spanish Academy and the Association of Academies of the Spanish Language launched a popular commemorative edition One Hundred years of Solitude.
He Died on April 17, 2014.
Some of his works were
The funerals of the Big Momma 1962
The Incredible and sad story of Candida Eréndira and her heartless grandmother 1972
Full Narrative 1985
The Tales of my Grandfather The Colonel 1988
Twelve Pilgrim Tales 1992
Tales: 1947-1992 1996
I don’t come to say a speech 2010
ALL Tales 2012
The Litter 1955
The Colonel has no one to write you 1961
Bad Time 1962
The funerals of the Big Momma 1962
One Hundred Years of Solitude 1967
The autumn of the Patriarch 1975
Chronicle of a death announced 1981
Love in The Times of cholera 1985
The General in his Labyrinth 1989
Of Love and Other demons 1994
Memory of my Sad Whores 2004
ESSO Novel Prize for The Bad Hour (1961)
Rómulo Gallegos Prize for One Hundred Years of Solitude (1972)
Nobel Prize in Literature (1982)
Forty-year Award from the Bogotá Journalists ‘ Circle (1985)
1954-BLUE LOBSTER/Colombia/Alvaro Cepeda Samudio.
1964-THE GOLDEN ROOSTer/Mexico/Roberto Gavaldón.
1964-IN THIS TOWN THERE ARE NO THIEVes/Mexico-Alberto ISAAC.
1965-TIME TO DIE/Mexico/Arturo Ripstein.
1965-LOLA OF MY LIFE/Mexico/Miguel Barbachano.
1966-DANGEROUS GAME/Mexico/Arturo Ripstein.
1968-PATSY MI AMOR/Mexico/Manuel Michel.
1978-THE YEAR OF THE PLAGUE/Mexico/Felipe Cazals.
1979-MARIA DE MI CORAZON/México/Jaime Humberto Hermosillo.
1979-THE WIDOW OF MONTIEL/Cuba-Mexico-Venezuela-Colombia/Miguel Littín. 1980-THE SEA OF LOST TIME/Venezuela/Solveig Hoogesteijn.
1985-TIME TO DIE/Colombia/Jorge Ali Triana.
1986-CHRONICLE OF a DEATH FORETOLD/Italy-Colombia/Francesco Rosi. 1988-SERIE AMORES HARDies/Spanish Television 1988-89 a VERY OLD GENTLEMAN WITH HUGE WINGS/Cuba-Spain/Fernando Birri.
1989-I RENT TO DREAM/Spain-Brazil/Ruy Guerra.
1996-OEDIPUS ALCALDE/Colombia-Spain/Jorge Ali Triana.
1999-The COLONEL HAS NO ONE to WRITE to HIM/Mexico-Spain-France/Arturo Ripstein.