BIOGRAPHY OF JUAN RULFO
Juan Rulfo (Jalisco, May 16, 1917-Mexico City, May 16, 1917) was a Mexican writer. Lately It has been announced its photographic production that alternated with the literature to a lesser extent.
The writer claimed that he was born in the family house located in the village of Apulco (Jalisco), although he was registered in the town of Sayula (Jalisco), where he kept his birth certificate. He Lived in the small town of San Gabriel, but the early deaths of his father (1923) first, and his mother (1927) soon after, forced his relatives to enroll in a boarding school in Guadalajara, the capital of the state of Jalisco.
During his years in San Gabriel he comes in contact with the library of a priest (basically literary) deposited in the family house, and will always remember these readings, essential in his literary formation. Some often emphasize their early orphan as a determinant in their artistic vocation, forgetting that their early knowledge of the books mentioned would have a greater weight in this area.
A strike from the University of Guadalajara prevents him from registering and decides to move to Mexico city. The Impossibility of Rivalidar his studies made in Jalisco also does not allow him to enter the National University, but he attends as listener to the courses of history of art in the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters. He becomes a very serious connoisseur of the historical, anthropological and geographic bibliography of Mexico, subjects that a thorough study of his literary and photographic work allows to track in them, in addition to the texts and the editorial work that he dedicated to them. For Much of the decades of 1930 and 1940 travels extensively across the country, works in Guadalajara or Mexico city and begins to publish their stories in two magazines: America, the capital, and Pan, Guadalajara. The first of these means his confirmation as a writer, thanks to the support of his great friend Efrén Hernandez. In the same years he began as a photographer, dedicating himself very intensely to this activity, publishing his images for the first time in America in 1949.
In the mid-forties he began a loving relationship with Clara Aparicio, of which remains the testimony epistolary. She marries her in 1948 and the children begin to increase her family little by little. It Leaves its work in a company tyre manufacturer in the early fifties and obtains in 1952 the first of the two consecutive scholarships that it grants to him the CenterMexican of Writers, founded by the American Margaret Shedd, who was without doubt the person Determinant for Rulfo to be published in 1953 The Plain in Flames (where it brings together seven stories already published in magazines and incorporates new ones), and in 1955 Pedro Páramo, both works proposed by Rulfo as two projects in both periods as a scholar of the Center.
From the publication of these two books the literary prestige of Rulfo will have to increase steadily, until becoming the most recognized Mexican writer in Mexico and abroad. Among his fans are Carlos Fuentes, Jorge Luis Borges, Gabriel García Márquez,Günter Grass,Susan Sontag,Elias Canetti,Enrique Vila-Matas and many others, to mention only the world of letters. Its readers in the most diverse languages are continually renewed, so it is considered already a classic.
The last two decades of his life he dedicated Rulfo to his work at the National Institute Indigenist of Mexico, where he was in charge of the edition of one of the most important collections of contemporary and ancient anthropology of Mexico. Rulfo, who had been an attentive reader of the history, geography and anthropology of Mexico throughout his life, would fill with this work one of his most lasting vocations.
A piece of night, the only fragment left of the novel The Son of Discouragement
1945: Life is not very serious in its things (tale).
1953: The Plain in flames and other tales
1955: Pedro Páramo
1980: The Golden Rooster
He unveiled Rulfo in 1980 a collection of his photographs that opened to the public the knowledge of this part of his creation; Since then, the interest in photographer Juan Rulfo has continued to increase and with him the exhibitions and the books dedicated to his images. Recently published Mexico: Juan Rulfo photographer and Juan Rulfo, letters and images, both of 2001, to make known his photographs. At the end of 2005 appeared the small format book Juan Rulfo, photographer with a selection of photos and preliminary study by Andrew Dempsey.
The literary work of Juan Rulfo does not cease to be published in Spanish and a growing number of languages, which are approaching the fifty today. Some languages have already made several versions.
The new generations of writers and readers approach with renewed astonishment to the pages of the books of Rulfo and their curiosity for the life and the work of the author Jalisco does not diminish. A scholarly biography carried out by one of his most serious scholars, Alberto Vital, News about Juan Rulfo, rigorously fulfils the task of providing serious information and reflection to readers of Rulfo interested in delving into this field.