BIOGRAPHY OF MARK TWAIN
(Samuel Langhorne Clemens; Florida, USA, 1835-Redding, ID, 1910) American Writer. Tireless Adventurer, he found in his own life the inspiration for his literary works. He Grew Up in Hannibal, a small riverside town in Mississippi. At The age of twelve he was orphaned by father, dropped out of school and entered as a typographer’s apprentice in an editorial, while he began writing his first newspaper articles in the offices of Philadelphia and Saint Louis.
At the age of eighteen he decided to leave his home and start his trips in search of adventure and, above all, of fortune. He Worked as a typographer for a while in his region, and then headed to New Orleans; On the way he enlisted as a pilot of a river steamer, a profession that excited him and he played for a while, until the War of Secession of 1861 interrupted the river traffic, ending his career as a pilot.
He Then headed west to the Nevada Mountains where he worked in the primitive miners ‘ fields. His desire to make a fortune led him to seek gold, without much success, so he was forced to work as a journalist, writing articles that immediately charged a personal style. Its first literary success came to him in 1865, with the short story The famous jumping frog of Skulls, which appeared in a newspaper signed already with the pseudonym of Mark Twain, technical name of the pilots which means «mark two probes».
He travelled as a journalist
As a journalist, he traveled to San Francisco, where he met the writer Bret Harte, who encouraged him to pursue his literary career. Then Began a stage of continuous travel, as a journalist and lecturer, who took him to Polynesia and Europe, and whose experiences related in the Book of Travel The Innocents Abroad (1869), which followed the Brega (1872), which recreates their adventures by The West.
After marrying in 1870 with Olivia Langdon, he settled in Connecticut. Six years later he published the first novel that would give him fame, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, based on his childhood on the shores of the Mississippi. He had Previously written a novel in collaboration with C. D. Warner, The Golden Age (1873), considered rather mediocre.
However, his literary talent was fully deployed with The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1882), a work set also on the shores of Mississippi, but not as autobiographical as Tom Sawyer, and that is without a doubt his masterpiece, and even one of the most outstanding of the American literature, for which he has been considered the American Dickens. Also noteworthy is Life in the Mississippi (1883), a work that, more than a novel, is a splendid evocation of the South, not without criticism, as a result of his work as a pilot.
With a popular style, full of humour, Mark Twain contrasts in these works the idealized world of childhood, innocent and at the same time rogue, with a disenchanted conception of the adult man, the man of the industrial age, of the «golden Age» that followed the civil war , deceived by morality and civilization. In His later works, however, the sense of humour and the freshness of the children’s world evoked give way to a pessimism and an increasingly evident bitterness, although expressed with irony and sarcasm.
A series of personal misfortunes, including the death of one of his daughters and his wife, as well as a serious economic breakdown, darkened the last years of his life. In one of his last works, The mysterious outsider, he expressed that he felt like a supernatural visitor, arrived with Halley’s comet, and that he had to leave the Earth with the next reappearance of the comet, as it actually happened.
Books by Mark Twain
Books by Mark Twain
Three thousand years between microbes
2014 Year 1601
2013 Dick Baker’s Cat
2012 Letters from the Earth
2012 Diary of Adam and Eve
2012 Select Stories
2010 Passing Fatigue
2010 The Mark Twain Dictionary
2003 Travel around the world, following the Equator
2001 Love Letters
2000 Chronicler of his time
2000 Full Stories 1 1865-1879
2000 Full Stories 2 1880-1889
2000 Full Stories 3 1890-1899
2000 Full Stories 4 1900-1905
2000 Full Stories 5 1906-1916
2000 The Three Erres
2000 Mark Twain’s story Selection
2000 a mystery, a death and a marriage
2000 The Bible According to Mark Twain
1995 (2002) Tom Sawyer across the world
1985 The Bad Boy and the Good Boy
1982 Reflections Against Religion
1963 New Stories
1924 The Curious Republic of Gondour and other strange short stories
1919 The Mysterious Outsider
1916 Letter to California Pioneers
1911 The Jubilee of Queen Victoria
1910 The Irreverent Writings
1909 (2010) Captain Storms
1909 Has Shakespeare died?
1909 (2010) The Story of a horse
1907 Adam and Eve Diaries
1906 a legacy of 30,000 dollars
1906 what is Hobro?
1906 Prayer of War
1905 Soliloquy of King Leopold. A defense of your dominion of the Congo
1905 Tale of a dog
1904 Adam’s Diary Excerpt
1904 Two detectives before a barrel
1902 the person seated in the dark
1901 English as taught
1901 The man who corrupted Hadelyburg and other Tales
1900 (2011) The man who corrupted a city
1900 (1947) The Distastes of humble Life
1900 The Corrupter of Hadleyburg
1899 Tom Sawyer Detective
1897 (2014) Travel around the world following Ecuador
1897 personal Memories of Joan of ARC
1896 Cabezahueca Wilson
1894 The American Count
1892 The American Suitor
1892 (2013) A sensational story and other Stories
1890 (1947) A Yankee in the court of King Arthur
1889 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
1884 Life in the Mississippi
1883 The Prince and the Beggar
1882 The robbery of the White Elephant and other tales
1882 (2013) A curious adventure
1881 a homeless man abroad
1880 Drilled, siblings, drilled
1878 a quiet excursion
1878 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
1876 (2008) The Golden Age
1873 The Innocent in their country
1873 Humorous Tales
1872 (2010) A rare dream
1872 A Hard Life
1872 The Innocents Abroad
1869 Guide for innocent travelers
1868 (2009) The famous jumping frog of the skull District