BIOGRAPHY OF WILLIAM FAULKNER
William Faulkner. American Narrator and poet whose work highlights psychological drama and emotional depth. He Is considered one of the greatest authors of the TWENTIETH Century, awarded in 1949 with the Nobel Prize in Literature and considered one of the fathers of the contemporary novel.
He Was Born on September 25th, 1897 in New Albany, Mississippi in the United States. He Was the grandson of the military, politician and writer William Cuthbert Faulkner, and eldest son of Murray Charles Faulkner and Maud Butler. It Belonged to a traditional family and southerner, marked by the memories of the war of secession, especially by the figure of his great-grandfather, the Colonel William Clark Falkner, romantic character and author of a novel of ephemeral success.
Childhood and Youth
In 1902 he moved to Oxford, also located in the state of Mississippi, where he began his academic instruction. He Left his studies in the year 1915 to work in his grandfather’s bank.
He Fought in the First World War as RAF pilot. As a veteran he had the opportunity to enter the university but soon decided to devote himself entirely to literature.
After the war and graduated as a lieutenant, he returned to the United States to settle next to Sherwood Anderson in New Orleans, studying for a short period of time literature at the University.
In 1929 he married Estella Oldham Franklin.
Although He left the studios again, this time he was dedicated to writing, published his first and only book of poems: The Marble Faun (1924).
In 1921, he worked as a journalist in New Orleans where he meets American storytelling writer Sherwood Anderson, who helped him find an editor for his first novel, The Soldiers ‘ Pay (1926).
In the first half of the 1920s he made his debut as a writer by publishing the book of poetry the Fauno De Marmol (1924).
Although his life was mostly in the South, which would serve as an almost inexhaustible literary inspiration, he traveled quite: he knew perfectly cities like Los Angeles, New Orleans,NewYork,Toronto and lived almost five years in Paris.
As a screenwriter
As a screenwriter, we should highlight his work in Vivan today (1933), Gunga Din (1939) or The Eternal Dream (1946) next to director Howard Hawks.
On July 6, 1962, a heart attack glared one of the best writers of universal literature, William Faulkner. Fifty years later, the publishing world celebrates its life and its work.
William Faulkner, creator of a complex prose, with jumps in time, interior monologues and games of voices, scrutinised the heart of man and his tragedies in the midst of southern society. And He did it throughout a life in the poetry, the story, the novels, the essay and the article, but without forgetting the drink, another of his passions.
He Was a great renewer of fiction, explains Maria Fasce, editor of Alfaguara, the label in which these publications appear commemorating and celebrating the author of The Noise and fury.
Some of his works
Back he began to write a series of novels set in the fictitious county of Yoknapatawpha, Iinspirado in the county of Lafayette, Mississippi, where they pass much of his writings, and which makes a geographical description and traces a map in Absalom, Absalom! (1936), the temporal structure of the narrative becomes labyrinthine, following the thread of conversation or memory, rather than the linearity of traditional narration.
With Sartoris (1929), a novel in which he identified Colonel Sartoris with his own great-grandfather, William Cuthbert Falkner, soldier, politician, railway builder and writer and The Sound and Fury (1929) that confirmed his creative maturity and begins his most fertile stage From an artistic point of view. He managed to become one of the great names of American narrative. Santuario (1931) was, in the long run, his bestselling novel and the one that allowed him to devote himself to writing scripts for Hollywood.
«The Sound and The Fury » (1929), «Sanctuary » (1931), «August Light » (1932), «Absalon, Absalon » (1936), «The Hamlet » (1940), «A Fable » (1955), a novel by which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, as well as by «The Thieves » (1962), are his Most important titles.
Your best-known tales of this time can be read in Descend, Moses! Written in 1942.
Other Works Novels
The pay of the soldiers, (Soldiers ‘ Pay, 1926)
Mosquitoes, (Mosquitoes, 1927)
Noise and Fury, (The Sound and the Fury, 1929)
While’m perishing, (As I Lay Dying, 1930)
Sanctuary, (Sanctuary, 1931)
August Light, (Light in August, 1932)
Pylon, (Pylon, 1935)
Absalom, Absalom!, (Absalom, Absalom!, 1936)
The undefeated, (The Unvanquished, 1938)
Wild Palms, (The wild Palms-If I Forget Thee Jerusalem, 1939)
The Hamlet, (The Hamlet, 1940)
Descend, Moses, (Go Down, Moses, 1942)
Intruder in the dust, (intrusion in the Dust, 1948)
Requiem for a woman (Requiem for a Nun, «Requiem for a nun «, 1951).
A fable, (A Fable, 1954)
The City, (The Town, 1957)
The Mansion, (The Mansion, 1959)
The getaway or The thieves, (The Reivers, 1962)
Flags on the dust (Flags in the Dust, 1973)
In 1932 the American filmmaker Stephen Roberts adapts his novel Sanctuary in a film titled «The Story of Temple Drake «, in Spain «Kidnapping», starring Miriam Hopkins and Herbert Marshall. This same story was versioned in 1961 with the British Tony Richardson and Lee Remick and Tony Franciosa in the main roles, achieving a film also considerable.
In 1954, intruder in the dust has its own translation to the screen as the latest and excellent film by veteran filmmaker Clarence Brown. The Reivers, finally, was the subject of an interesting canonical version in 1969 by the hand of Mark Rydell, in an adventure drama starring Steve Queenan and Sharon Farell.
In the awards section, Faulkner had a belated but widespread recognition. He Received the National Book Award, already posthumously for the edition of his Complete Stories, in addition to the renowned Nobel Prize in Literature 1949, the Pulitzer Prize for Novel 1955 and the Pulitzer Prize for Novel 1963.